激流快艇

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激流快艇激流快艇

PCB线路板怎样辨别好坏与详解PCB抄板过程

* 激流快艇 : * 激流快艇 : admin * 激流快艇时间 : 2019-10-10 * 浏览 :

随着手机、电子、通讯激流快艇等高速的发展,同时也促使PCB线路板产业量的不断壮大和迅速增长,人们对于元器件的层数、重量、精密度、材料、颜色、可靠性等要求越来越高。

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DANSHIYOUYUSHICHANGJIAGEJINGZHENGJILIE,PCBBANCAILIAOCHENGBENYECHUYUBUDUANSHANGSHENGDEQUSHI,YUELAIYUEDUOCHANGJIAWEILETISHENGHEXINJINGZHENGLI,YIDIJIALAILONGDUANSHICHANG。RANERZHEIXIECHAODIJIADEBEIHOU,SHIJIANGDICAILIAOCHENGBENHEGONGYIZHIZUOCHENGBENLAIHUODE,DANQIJIANTONGCHANGRONGYICHUXIANLIEHEN(LIEFENG)、YIHUASHANG、(HUOCASHANG),QIJINGMIDU、XINGNENGDENGZONGHEYINSUBINGWEIDABIAO,YANZHONGYINGXIANGDAOSHIYONGZAICHANPINSHANGDEKEHANXINGHEKEKAOXINGDENGDENG。


MIANDUISHIMIANSHANGWUHUABAMENDEPCBXIANLUBAN,BIANBIEPCBXIANLUBANHAOHUAIKEYICONGLIANGGEFANGMIANRUSHOU;DIYIZHONGFANGFAJIUSHICONGWAIGUANLAIFENPANDUAN,LINGYIFANGMIANJIUSHICONGPCBBANBENSHENZHILIANGGUIFANYAOQIULAIPANDUAN。


PANDUANPCBDIANLUBANDEHAOHUAIDEFANGFA


1、CONGWAIGUANSHANGFENBIANCHUDIANLUBANDEHAOHUAI


YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,PCBXIANLUBANWAIGUANKETONGGUOSANGEFANGMIANLAIFENXIPANDUAN:


DAXIAOHEHOUDUDEBIAOZHUNGUIZE:XIANLUBANDUIBIAOZHUNDIANLUBANDEHOUDUSHIBUTONGDEDAXIAO,KEHUKEYICELIANGJIANCHAGENJUZIJICHANPINDEHOUDUJIGUIGE。

GUANGHEYANSE:WAIBUDIANLUBANDOUYOUYOUMOFUGAI,XIANLUBANNENGQIDAOJUEYUANDEZUOYONG,RUGUOBANDEYANSEBULIANG,SHAODIANMO,BAOWENBANBENSHENSHIBUHAODE。

HANFENGWAIGUAN:XIANLUBANYOUYULINGJIANJIAODUO,RUGUOHANJIEBUHAO,LINGJIANYITUOLUODEXIANLUBAN,YANZHONGYINGXIANGDIANLUBANDEHANJIEZHILIANG,WAIGUANHAO,ZIXIBIANREN,JIEMIANQIANGYIDIANSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。


2、YOUZHIDEPCBXIANLUBANXUYAOFUHEYIXIAJIDIANYAOQIU

YAOQIUYUANJIANANZHUANGSHANGQUYIHOUDIANHUAJIYAOHAOYONG,JIDIANQILIANJIEYAOFUHEYAOQIU

XIANLUDEXIANKUAN、XIANHOU、XIANJUFUHEYAOQIU,YIMIANXIANLUFARE、DUANLU、HEDUANLU。

SHOUGAOWENTONGPIBURONGYITUOLUO。

TONGBIAOMIANBURONGYIYANGHUA,YINGXIANGANZHUANGSUDU,YANGHUAHOUYONGBUJIUJIUHUAILE。

MEIYOUEWAIDEDIANCIFUSHE。

WAIXINGMEIYOUBIANXING,YIMIANANZHUANGHOUWAIQIAOBIANXING,LUOSIKONGCUOWEI。XIANZAIDOUSHIJIXIEHUAANZHUANG,XIANLUBANDEKONGWEIHEXIANLUYUSHEJIDEBIANXINGWUCHAYINGGAIZAIYUNXUDEFANWEIZHINEI。

ERGAOWEN、GAOSHIJINAITESHUHUANJINGYEYINGGAIZAIKAOLVDEFANWEINEI。

BIAOMIANDELIXUEXINGNENGYAOFUHEANZHUANGYAOQIU。

YISHANGJIUSHIPCBXIANLUBANPANDUANHAOHUAIDEFANGFA,ZAIXUANGOUPCBXIANLUBANDESHIHOU,YIDINGYAOCALIANGYANJING。


PCBCHAOBANDEJISHUSHIXIANGUOCHENGJIANDANLAISHUO,JIUSHIXIANJIANGYAOCHAOBANDEDIANLUBANJINXINGSAOMIAO,JILUXIANGXIDEYUANQIJIANWEIZHI,RANHOUJIANGYUANQIJIANCHAIXIALAIZUOCHENGWULIAOQINGDAN(BOM)BINGANPAIWULIAOCAIGOU,KONGBANZESAOMIAOCHENGTUPIANJINGCHAOBANRUANJIANCHULIHAIYUANCHENGpcbBANTUWENJIAN,RANHOUZAIJIANGPCBWENJIANSONGZHIBANCHANGZHIBAN,BANZIZHICHENGHOUJIANGCAIGOUDAODEYUANQIJIANHANJIEDAOZHICHENGDEPCBBANSHANG,RANHOUJINGGUODIANLUBANCESHIHEDIAOSHIJIKE。


YI、PCBCHAOBANDEJUTIBUZHOU


1.NADAOYIKUAIPCB,SHOUXIANZAIZHISHANGJILUHAOSUOYOUYUANQIJIANDEXINGHAO,CANSHU,YIJIWEIZHI,YOUQISHIERJIGUAN,SANJIGUANDEFANGXIANG,ICQUEKOUDEFANGXIANG。ZUIHAOYONGSHUMAXIANGJIPAILIANGZHANGYUANQIJIANWEIZHIDEZHAOPIAN。XIANZAIDEpcbDIANLUBANYUEZUOYUEGAOJISHANGMIANDEERJIGUANSANJIGUANYOUXIEBUZHUYIGENBENKANBUDAO。


2.CHAIDIAOSUOYOUQIDUOCENGBANCHAOBANJIAN,BINGQIEJIANGPADKONGLIDEXIQUDIAO。YONGJIUJINGJIANGPCBQINGXIGANJING,RANHOUFANGRUSAOMIAOYINEI,SAOMIAOYISAOMIAODESHIHOUXUYAOSHAODIAOGAOYIXIESAOMIAODEXIANGSU, YIBIANDEDAOJIAOQINGXIDETUXIANG。ZAIYONGSHUISHAZHIJIANGDINGCENGHEDICENGQINGWEIDAMO,DAMODAOTONGMOFALIANG,FANGRUSAOMIAOYI,QIDONGPHOTOSHOP,YONGCAISEFANGSHIJIANGLIANGCENGFENBIESAORU。ZHUYI,PCB ZAISAOMIAOYINEIBAIFANGYIDINGYAOHENGPINGSHUZHI,FOUZESAOMIAODETUXIANGJIUWUFASHIYONG。

3.DIAOZHENGHUABUDEDUIBIDU,MINGANDU,SHIYOUTONGMODEBUFENHEMEIYOUTONGMODEBUFENDUIBIQIANG LIE,RANHOUJIANGCITUZHUANWEIHEIBAISE,JIANCHAXIANTIAOSHIFOUQINGXI,RUGUOBUQINGXI,ZEZHONGFUBENBUZHOU。RUGUOQINGXI,JIANGTUCUNWEIHEIBAIBMPGESHIWENJIANTOP.BMPHEBOT.BMP,RUGUOFA XIANTUXINGYOUWENTIHAIKEYIYONGPHOTOSHOPJINXINGXIUBUHEXIUZHENG。


4.JIANGLIANGGEBMPGESHIDEWENJIANFENBIEZHUANWEIPROTELGESHIWENJIAN,ZAI PROTELZHONGDIAORULIANGCENG,RUGUOLIANGCENGDEPADHEVIADEWEIZHIJIBENZHONGHE,BIAOMINGQIANJIGEBUZHOUZUODEHENHAO,RUGUOYOUPIANCHA,ZEZHONGFUDISANBU。SUOYISHUOpcbCHAOBANSHIYIXIANGJIXUYAONAI XINDEGONGZUO,YINWEIYIDIANXIAOWENTIDOUHUIYINGXIANGDAOZHILIANGHECHAOBANHOUDEPIPEICHENGDU。


5.JIANGTOPCENGDEBMPZHUANHUAWEITOP.PCB,ZHUYIYAOZHUANHUADAOSILKCENG,JIUSHIHUANGSEDENEICENG,RANHOUNIZAITOPCENGMIAOXIANJIUSHILE,BINGQIEGENJUDIERBUDETUZHIFANGZHIQIJIAN。HUAWANHOUJIANGSILKCENGSHANDIAO。BUDUANZHONGFUZHIDAOHUIZHIHAOSUOYOUDECENG。


6.ZAIPROTELZHONGJIANGTOP.PCBHEBOT.PCBDIAORU,HEWEIYIGETUJIUOKLE。


7.,YONGJIGUANGDAYINJIJIANGTOP LAYER,BOTTOM LAYERFENBIEDAYINDAOTOUMINGJIAOPIANSHANG(1:1DEBILI),BAJIAOPIANFANGDAONEIKUAIPCBSHANG,BIJIAOYIXIASHIFOUYOUWU,RUGUOMEICUO,NIJIUDAGONGGAOCHENGLE。


YIKUAIHEYUANBANYIYANGDECHAOBANJIUDANSHENGLE,DANSHIZHEIZHISHIWANCHENGLEYIBAN。HAIYAOJINXINGCESHI,CESHICHAOBANDEDIANZIJISHUXINGNENGSHIBUSHIHEYUANBANYIYANG。RUGUOYIYANGNEIZHENDESHIWANCHENGLE。


BEIZHU:RUGUOSHIDUOCENGBANHAIYAOXIXINDAMODAOLIMIANDENEICENG,TONGSHIZHONGFUDISANDAODIWUBUDECHAOBANBUZHOU,DANGRANTUXINGDEMINGMINGYEBUTONG,YAOGENJUCENGSHULAIDING,YIBANSHUANGMIANBANCHAOBANYAOBIDUOCENGBANJIANDAN XUDUO,DUOCENGCHAOBANRONGYICHUXIANDUIWEIBUZHUNDEQINGKUANG,SUOYIDUOCENGBANCHAOBANYAOTEBIEZIXIHEXIAOXIN(QIZHONGNEIBUDEDAOTONGKONGHEBUDAOTONGKONGHENRONGYICHUXIANWENTI)。

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ER、SHUANGMIANBANCHAOBANFANGFA


1. SAOMIAOXIANLUBANDESHANGXIABIAOCENG,CUNCHULIANGZHANGBMPTUPIAN。


2. DAKAICHAOBANRUANJIANQuickpcb2005,DIAN“WENJIAN”“DAKAIDITU”,DAKAIYIZHANGSAOMIAOTUPIAN。YONGPAGEUPFANGDAPINGMU,KANDAOHANPAN,ANPPFANGZHIYIGEHANPAN,KANDAOXIANANPTZOUXIAN……JIUXIANGXIAOHAIMIAOTUYIYANG,ZAIZHEIGERUANJIANLIMIAOHUAYIBIAN,DIAN“BAOCUN”SHENGCHENGYIGEB2PDEWENJIAN。


3.ZAIDIAN“WENJIAN”“DAKAIDITU”,DAKAILINGYICENGDESAOMIAOCAITU;


4. ZAIDIAN“WENJIAN”“DAKAI”,DAKAIQIANMIANBAOCUNDEB2PWENJIAN,WOMENKANDAOGANGCHAOHAODEBAN,DIEZAIZHEIZHANGTUPIANZHISHANG——TONGYIZHANGPCBBAN,KONGZAITONGYIWEIZHI,ZHISHIXIANLULIANJIEBUTONG。SUOYIWOMENAN“XUANXIANG”——“CENGSHEZHI”,ZAIZHEILIGUANBIXIANSHIDINGCENGDEXIANLUHESIYIN,ZHILIUXIADUOCENGDEGUOKONG。


5. DINGCENGDEGUOKONGYUDICENGTUPIANSHANGDEGUOKONGZAITONGYIWEIZHI,XIANZAIWOMENZAIXIANGTONGNIANSHIMIAOTUYIYANG,MIAOCHUDICENGDEXIANLUJIUKEYILE。ZAIDIAN“BAOCUN”——ZHEISHIDEB2PWENJIANJIUYOULEDINGCENGHEDICENGLIANGCENGDEZILIAOLE。


6. DIAN“WENJIAN”“DAOCHUWEIPCBWENJIAN”,JIUKEYIDEDAOYIGEYOULIANGCENGZILIAODEPCBWENJIAN,KEYIZAIGAIBANHUOZAICHUYUANLITUHUOZHIJIESONGPCBZHIBANCHANGSHENGCHAN


SAN、DUOCENGBANCHAOBANFANGFA


QISHISICENGBANCHAOBANJIUSHIZHONGFUCHAOLIANGGESHUANGMIANBAN,LIUCENGJIUSHIZHONGFUCHAOSANGESHUANGMIANBAN……,DUOCENGZHISUOYIRANGRENWANGERSHENGWEI,SHIYINWEIWOMENWUFAKANDAOQINEIBUDEZOUXIAN。YIKUAIJINGMIDEDUOCENGBAN,WOMENZENYANGKANDAOQINEICENGQIANKUNNI?——FENCENG。


XIANZAIFENCENGDEBANFAYOUHENDUO,YOUYAOSHUIFUSHI、DAOJUBOLIDENG,DANHENRONGYIBACENGFENGUOTOU,DIUSHIZILIAO。JINGYANGAOSUWOMEN,SHAZHIDAMOSHIZUIZHUNQUEDE。


DANGWOMENCHAOWANPCBDEDINGDICENGHOU,YIBANDOUSHIYONGSHAZHIDAMODEBANFA,MODIAOBIAOCENGXIANSHINEICENG;SHAZHIJIUSHIWUJINDIANCHUSHOUDEPUTONGSHAZHI,YIBANPINGPUPCB,RANHOUANZHUSHAZHI,ZAIPCBSHANGJUNYUNMOCA(RUGUOBANZIHENXIAO,YEKEYIPINGPUSHAZHI,YONGYIGENSHOUZHIANZHUPCBZAISHAZHISHANGMOCA)。YAODIANSHIYAOPUPING,ZHEIYANGCAINENGMODEJUNYUN。


SIYINYULVYOUYIBANYICAJIUDIAO,TONGXIANYUTONGPIJIUYAOHAOHAOCAJIXIA。YIBANLAISHUO,LANYABANJIFENZHONGJIUNENGCAHAO,NEICUNTIAODAGAIYAOSHIJIFENZHONG;DANGRANLIQIDA,HUADESHIJIANHUISHAOYIDIAN;LIQIXIAOHUADESHIJIANJIUHUIDUOYIDIAN。


MOBANSHIMUQIANFENCENGYONGDEZUIPUBIANDEFANGAN,YESHIZUIJINGJIDELE。ZANMENKEYIZHAOKUAIFEIQIDEPCBSHIYIXIA,QISHIMOBANMEISHENMEJISHUNANDU,ZHISHIYOUDIANKUZAO,YAOHUADIANLIQI,WANQUANBUYONGDANXINHUIBABANZIMOCHUANMODAOSHOUZHITOUE。


PCBBUBANGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIXITONGBUJUWANBIYIHOU,YAODUIPCB TUJINXINGSHENCHA,KANXITONGDEBUJUSHIFOUHELI,SHIFOUNENGGOUDADAOZUIYOUDEXIAOGUO。TONGCHANGKEYICONGYIXIARUOGANFANGMIANJINXINGKAOCHA:


1. XITONGBUJUSHIFOUBAOZHENGBUXIANDEHELIHUOZHEZUIYOU,SHIFOUNENGBAOZHENGBUXIANDEKEKAOJINXING,SHIFOUNENGBAOZHENGDIANLUGONGZUODEKEKAO XING。ZAIBUJUDESHIHOUXUYAODUIXINHAODEZOUXIANGYIJIDIANYUANHEDIXIANWANGLUOYOUZHENGTIDELEJIEHEGUIHUA。


2. YINZHIBANCHICUNSHIFOUYUJIAGONGTUZHICHICUNXIANGFU,NENGFOUFUHEPCB ZHIZAOGONGYIYAOQIU、YOUWUXINGWEIBIAOJI。ZHEIYIDIANXUYAOTE BIEZHUYI,BUSHAOPCB BANDEDIANLUBUJUHEBUXIANDOUSHEJIDEHENPIAOLIANG、HELI,DANSHISHUHULEDINGWEIJIECHAJIANDEJINGQUEDINGWEI,DAOZHI SHEJIDEDIANLUWUFAHEQITADIANLUDUIJIE。


3. YUANJIANZAIERWEI、SANWEIKONGJIANSHANGYOUWUCHONGTU。ZHUYIQIJIANDESHIJICHICUN,TEBIESHIQIJIANDEGAODU。ZAIHANJIEMIANBUJUDEYUAN QIJIAN,GAODUYIBANBUNENGCHAOGUO3mm。


4. YUANJIANBUJUSHIFOUSHUMIYOUXU、PAILIEZHENGQI,SHIFOUQUANBUBUWAN。ZAIYUANQIJIANBUJUDESHIHOU,BUJINYAOKAOLVXINHAODEZOUXIANG HEXINHAODELEIXING、XUYAOZHUYIHUOZHEBAOHUDEDIFANG,TONGSHIYEYAOKAOLVQIJIANBUJUDEZHENGTIMIDU,ZUODAOSHUMIJUNYUN。


5. XUJINGCHANGGENGHUANDEYUANJIANNENGFOUFANGBIANDIGENGHUAN,CHAJIANBANCHARUSHEBEISHIFOUFANGBIAN。YINGBAOZHENGJINGCHANGGENGHUANDEYUANQIJIANDEGENGHUANHE JIECHADEFANGBIANHEKEKAO。